Showing posts from April, 2015

The Development of Woman and Love Theme From the Medieval to the Romanticism Era

Woman and love have always been ones of the most favorite subjects for writing poems. These two themes started to be largely used by poets in the middle age era either for pure-love, politics, or any other purposes. Around 1800 to 1850, the era that has entered the late modern time of the English language, they were the main themes for many literary works and used as the tools for artistic, literary, and intellectual movements. The enormous usage of intense emotion as an authentic source of aesthetic experience, just like woman and love themes at that time gave the era such related name; the romanticism era. The question is, then, how do poems about woman and love differ and develop from the middle age to the romanticism era? To answer this question, we must consider the fact that the English language went through huge changes for hundreds of years before it became the English that we use now.
Here I will analyze two poems that both talk about a man’s admiration and love for a woman. …

Structuralism of Sheik Siti Jenar’s Life Stories

There are about seven versions of story that tells about the life of Sheik Siti Jenar. All of them are cited from history books and Babads, Javanese historical texts. We cannot assure, however, which one of them is the truest story because practically none of them has proven anything truthfully. Not only the history of the death; the history of the origin, precepts, learning sayings, and living place of Sheik Siti Jenar are also told in several versions. All of them are narrated by different historians. However, almost all of them have the same basic concepts that when we connect each of its thread, we would find an intersection. The existence of Sheik Siti Jenar is, for some reason, even doubted by historians until today. He is said to be only a politic tool used to arrogate powers. It is probably because there is almost no relevant proof saying that the Sheik had once lived in the land of Java. There are only stories that were written and told by historians who lived far after the S…

Social and Religion Values in 'The Scarlett Letter'

There is a scene in The Scarlet Letter at the minute 01:02 that shows a conversation among a group of four men. They are the elders of the Massachusetts state government and are in charge of the judicature of Hester Prynne. In the conversation, they talk about how unrepentant Hester are. She has slept with another man while her husband is gone and then gets pregnant. She is not sorry about it at all, however. She is not even willing to mention the name of the father of her baby, even though the elders have forced her to. In that scene, the elders also mention that Hester is lucky that they do not beat her publicly.
This movie, in some way, reflects how people in the era of the movie lived. The movie’s setting of time was around 1660 when European people migrated to America in order to find a new home. Their purpose of migrating was to run away from the church that handcuffed and controlled every aspect of their life. They came to the land of America bringing a hope to build a new life …

New Criticism on John Leax’s Sacramental Vision

New Criticism is an approach attempted to be a science of literature that emphasizes explication or close reading of the work itself without desiring and considering the intensions of the author. It is an approach that requires us to look closely only to the text. Historicism’s attention to biographical and sociological matters are rejected when we analyze a text using this approach. It does not analyze a text by examining the relationships between text’s ideas and its context – but between text’s ideas and its form. It examines what a text says and the way it says it. It insists that the meaning of the text is intrinsic.
Patterns of sound, imagery, narrative structure, point of view, and other techniques discernible on close reading of the text are the tools to determine the function and appropriateness of a text. To analyze a text using New Criticism, we need to ask ourselves about how the text mean to us and what it hides from us.
Here is an example of New Criticism analysis. The poe…