Annabel Lee: Figurative language

Edgar Alan Poe was an expert in giving poetry devices to a poem; especially this Annabel Lee poem. There are many figurative languages used here. It covers all of the types of figurative language. Those types are hyperbole, synecdoche, personification, metaphor, and simile.

However, there are also some lines which do not use any figurative language. Those lines state what Edgar meant clearly. They do not express anything more or less than the real meaning. Moreover, this poem is included in a narrative poem so we would find many retelling-expressions. The examples of those lines are stated in the first stanza from the first to the fourth line:

It was many and many a year ago, 
In a kingdom by the sea, 
That a maiden there lived whom you may know 
By the name of ANNABEL LEE;

The content of this poem mostly talks about how big the love the writer and Annabel Lee had, so there are many exaggeration expressions toward their love and also describe it. The hyperbole or exaggeration figurative languages which are used in this poem are just like:

And this maiden she lived with no other thought 
Than to love and be loved by me.
With a love that the winged seraphs of heaven 
Coveted her and me.
And neither the angels in heaven above, 
Nor the demons down under the sea, 
Can ever dissever my soul from the soul 
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee.
For the moon never beams without bringing me dreams
And the stars never rise but I feel the bright eyes
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side 
Of my darling- my darling- my life and my bride, 
In the sepulchre there by the sea, 
In her tomb by the sounding sea.

Another figurative language found in this poem is synecdoche. This synecdoche expression is stated in these lines:

So that her highborn kinsman came 
And bore her away from me, 
To shut her up in a sepulchre

So that her highborn kinsman came expresses that Annabel Lee was dead and her relatives came to her funeral. Then, the lines saying ‘And bore her away from me,’ and ‘To shut her up in a sepulchre’ means that the relatives had taken Annabel Lee’s body from the writer to bury her in a grave. We can see here that those lines signify the whole reason of why the writer was a part from Annabel Lee; because the girl died.

Personification figurative language is also used in this poem. The lines using this figurative language are stated in the fourth and fifth line. Those lines are:

That the wind came out of the cloud by night,
Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee.
But our love it was stronger by far than the love

The first line above can be said to have personification because the human’s characterization of killing is given to wind which is, in the fact, an object. Then, the second one gives the word ‘strong’ which is human’s characterization to another object which is love.

The writer compared the love he and Annabel Lee had with any other existed love. He expressed it by giving direct comparison which referred to more than one characteristic. This implied comparison is called metaphor and can be found in the fifth stanza. The lines below tell us that their love was very big and strong than any other love people out there have. It expresses that they really loved each other:

But our love it was stronger by far than the love 
Of those who were older than we- 
Of many far wiser than we-

There are also some other comparisons in this poem which is called simile. If metaphor gives implied comparison, then simile is the opposite. It gives us explicit comparison and refers to one characteristic. It usually uses comparative words. However, the simile comparison has the same in this poem; that it expresses how big the love of the writer and Annabel Lee. Here are the line which has simile figurative language: But we loved with a love that was more than love-


Pick what analysis aspect of Annabel Lee you want to read by clicking below links. 
Denotation and Connotation 
Imagery
Musical Devices
Rhytm and Meter
Tone and Theme